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Ophthalmology and Supraspecialties


Ophthalmology is the medical specialty that is responsible for eye care.

An ophthalmologist is the medical professional who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases, performs surgeries, prescribes and fits glasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems.

At the Virgilio Galvis Ophthalmology Center we care about the visual health of each of our patients and we actively participate in scientific research into the causes and cures of eye diseases and visual disorders.


Supraspecialties are those specific areas to treat certain pathologies; This additional knowledge of ophthalmologists prepares them to care for specific situations in certain areas and in certain groups of patients. At the Virgilio Galvis Ophthalmology Center we serve the following specialties:

The patient's first contact with the Virgilio Galvis Ophthalmological Center is with the specialty of Comprehensive Ophthalmology.

In this space the patient receives the first consultation and subsequent care. In addition, it has an optometry service to verify your refractive problems.

In each case, an electronic file is opened in the database, which consists of the patient's personal data, complete clinical history, as well as the comprehensive optometric and ophthalmological examination; This includes visual acuity, refraction, refraction under cycloplegia, biomicroscopic examination, as well as additional special studies in cases that require it.

The number one cause of reversible acquired blindness in the world is cataract. This condition is treated at the Virgilio Galvis Ophthalmological Center in the supra specialty of Anterior Segment, which has among its main functions to provide comprehensive care to the ophthalmological patient.

Within the human eye there is a transparent natural lens, known as the crystalline lens, which has the function of carrying images to the retina for subsequent interpretation in the brain. When it becomes opaque, the disease known as cataract occurs.

Due to the importance and frequency of this type of ocular pathology, which has a serious impact since it makes it impossible for the patient to carry out their usual activities, the ophthalmologist's knowledge of the most current surgical techniques in the treatment of cataracts is the primary objective of the Ophthalmological Center. Virgil Galvis.

The supra specialty called retina and vitreous, works on the retina, which is a light-sensitive tissue located on the inner surface of the eye, it is like a screen where images are projected.

Light that hits the retina triggers chemical and electrical reactions that are converted into nerve impulses that go to the brain through the optic nerve. The retina has a very complex structure, it is made up of several layers of neurons interconnected by synapses.

Light-sensitive cells are identified as rods and cones. The rods work in low light conditions and provide us with black and white vision, the cones, however, are adapted to high light situations and give us color vision.

The vitreous humor is a transparent, gelatinous liquid that occupies the space between the inner surface of the retina and the posterior surface of the lens. It is denser than the aqueous humor, and unlike the latter, it is not renewed throughout the eye. life, and is found in the space between the lens and the cornea. The vitreous humor helps maintain the shape of the eye and provides a uniform surface of the retina so that images are received clearly.

These small organs of the eye are sometimes affected by conditions that can be serious and cause various discomforts, visual impairment and even blindness for the patient.

In our case, one of these conditions is very common: diabetic retinopathy, and another known as retinal detachment, which in many cases is caused by accidents. The high incidence of these very specific conditions is the reason for our existence and activity as a supraspecialty of ophthalmology.

The supraspecialty of pediatric ophthalmology is the area specialized in vision problems in children. Therefore, prevention and early detection of ocular pathologies in childhood is very important. The visual acuity of a child's eye improves from birth.

At 3 years old, his visual acuity reaches 50%, reaching 100% at 5 years old. For this reason, the first years of life, up to 7 or 8 years old, are crucial for correct visual development. During this period of life it is essential to detect anomalies that prevent normal visual development and anomalies that, if not detected in time, could cause irreversible consequences for life.

This unit is responsible for the detection of these disorders and insists that not only the role of the doctor is important, but also the parents, who play a transcendental role because they are the first who can detect signs in their child that something is not working. well and they should assess in time that their child needs an ophthalmological check-up.

The strabismus specialty is responsible for the treatment of the deviation of the visual line of one, or both eyes, which means that they are not located in the same direction with respect to the visual axis nor are they parallel. In this way, while one eye directs its gaze towards a certain object, the other looks in another direction. This is both a visual and aesthetic problem.

If we take as a reference the classification of strabismus based on the direction in which the deviated eye moves, we can differentiate these types of strabismus:

  • Convergent strabismus: It occurs when the eye deviates inward.
  • Divergent strabismus: It occurs when the eye deviates outwards.

Glaucoma is a complex, chronic and irreversible disease that currently affects millions of people in the world; it is considered the leading cause of irreversible blindness.

The mission of the Glaucoma supraspecialty is to offer a timely diagnosis and effective treatment, so that the natural course of this condition does not cause limitations in the daily lives of patients. Our objective is to remain at the forefront of research, diagnosis and treatment.

The key to treating the disease is early detection for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The supraspecialty of Oculoplastics, Orbital and Lacrimal Tract is responsible for the reconstruction of complex fractures or the functional or cosmetic management of the eyebrows and the midface.

Currently we have a wide variety of surgical options to resolve a large number of pathologies, some of which even use different approaches or techniques.

Managing to materialize in the service that our patients feel satisfied with high quality, which has forced us to commit as a work team to seek and face new challenges, to provide patients with better management of their pathologies.

The supra-specialty of neuro-ophthalmology is the part of ophthalmology that is responsible for diseases that affect the optic pathway, that is, everything that is related to the transmission of the light signal from the retina to the brain, until its processing. in the cerebral cortex and until we understand what we are seeing.

In other words, this is the area in charge of studying visual disorders related to the brain or central or peripheral nervous system.